323 BC – Alexander the Great dies, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC). On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32.
671 – Emperor Tenji of Japan introduces a water clock (clepsydra) called Rokoku. The instrument, which measures time and indicates hours, is placed in the capital of Ōtsu.
867 – Emperor Uda of Japan born (d. 931)
1539 – Council of Trent: Pope Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries”.
1793 – French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders, the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads: Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
1898 – Spanish–American War: U.S. Marines land on the island of Cuba.
1910 – Howlin’ Wolf born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)
1916 – The Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire was declared by Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.
1916 – William Rosenberg born, American entrepreneur, founded Dunkin’ Donuts (d. 2002)
1922 – Judy Garland born, American singer, actress, and vaudevillian (d. 1969)
1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.
1940 – World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
1961 – Kim Deal born, American singer-songwriter and musician
1963 – The Equal Pay Act of 1963, aimed at abolishing wage disparity based on sex, was signed into law by John F. Kennedy as part of his New Frontier Program.
1964 – United States Senate breaks a 75-day filibuster against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, leading to the bill’s passage.
1965 – Elizabeth Hurley born, English model, actress, and producer
1968 – Bill Burr born, American comedian and actor
1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
1988 – Louis L’Amour dies, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1908)
1990 – British Airways Flight 5390 lands safely at Southampton Airport after a blowout in the cockpit causes the captain to be partially sucked from the cockpit. There are no fatalities.
1992 – Kate Upton born, American model and actress
1997 – Before fleeing his northern stronghold, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen’s family members.
1999 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its airstrikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
2002 – John Gotti dies, American mobster (b. 1940)
2004 – Ray Charles dies, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1930)
2016 – Gordie Howe dies, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
2017 – Adam West dies, American actor (b. 1928)
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