220 – Xiahou Dun dies, Chinese general
823 – Charles the Bald born, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 877)
839 – Charles the Fat born, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 888)
1373 – Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.
1525 – Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.
1645 – Miyamoto Musashi dies, Japanese samurai (b. 1584)
1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
1865 – W. B. Yeats born, Irish poet and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1939)
1886 – A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
1893 – Grover Cleveland notices a rough spot in his mouth and on July 1 undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; the operation was not revealed to the public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
1917 – World War I: The deadliest German air raid on London of the war is carried out by Gotha G.IV bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City.
1943 – Malcolm McDowell born, English actor and producer
1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs strike their targets.
1953 – Tim Allen born, American actor, comedian, and producer
1962 – Ally Sheedy born, American actress and author
1962 – Hannah Storm born, American journalist and author
1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1968 – David Gray born, English-Welsh singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes The Beatles’ last U.S. number one song.
1970 – Rivers Cuomo born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers.
1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
1981 – Chris Evans born, Captain America, American actor and producer
1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen, born, American child actresses, fashion designers, and businesswomen
1986 – Benny Goodman dies, American clarinet player, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1909)
1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
1996 – The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.
1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
2000 – President Kim Dae-jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.
2014 – Chuck Noll dies, American football player and coach (b. 1932)
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