On This Date, June 15th

June 15th is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 199 days remaining until the end of the year.

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763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that is later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

1184 – Magnus Erlingsson dies, King of Norway (b. 1156)

1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta.

1381 – John Cavendish dies, English lawyer and judge (b. 1346)

1389 – Battle of Kosovo: The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians.

1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in Exsurge Domine.

1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.

1752 – Benjamin Franklin proves that lightning is electricity (traditional date, the exact date is unknown).

1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.

1776 – Delaware Separation Day: Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.

1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.

1836 – Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.

1843 – Edvard Grieg born, Norwegian pianist and composer (d. 1907)

1844 – Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.

1846 – The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

1849 – James K. Polk dies, American lawyer and politician, 11th President of the United States (b. 1795)

1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between United States and British/Canadian settlers.

1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres (0.81 km2) around Arlington Mansion (formerly owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee) are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.

1878 – Eadweard Muybridge takes a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it runs; the study becomes the basis of motion pictures.

1888 – Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II; he will be the last Emperor of the German Empire. Due to the death of his predecessors Wilhelm I and Frederick III, 1888 is the Year of the Three Emperors.

1896 – The deadliest tsunami in Japan’s history kills more than 22,000 people.

1904 – A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City’s East River kills 1,000.

1916 – United States President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.

1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight when they reach Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.

1932 – Mario Cuomo born, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (d. 2015)

1934 – The United States Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.

1937 – Waylon Jennings born, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)

1940 – World War II: Operation Ariel begins: Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany’s takeover of Paris and most of the nation.

1941 – Harry Nilsson born, American singer-songwriter (d. 1994)

1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invade Japanese-occupied Saipan.

1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, is elected and forms the first socialist government in North America.

1953 – Xi Jinping born, Chinese engineer and politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party and President of China

1954 – Jim Belushi born, American actor

1963 – Helen Hunt born, American actress, director, and producer

1964 – Courteney Cox born, American actress and producer

1969 – Ice Cube born, American rapper, producer, and actor

1970 – Charles Manson goes on trial for the Sharon Tate murders.

1973 – Neil Patrick Harris born, American actor and singer

1978 – King Hussein of Jordan marries American Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor.

1985 – Rembrandt’s painting Danaë is attacked by a man (later judged insane) who throws sulfuric acid on the canvas and cuts it twice with a knife.

1991 – In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th Century. In the end, over 800 people die.

1996 – Ella Fitzgerald dies, American singer and actress (b. 1917)

2003 – Hume Cronyn dies, Canadian-American actor (b. 1911)

2012 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to successfully tightrope walk directly over Niagara Falls.

2014 – Casey Kasem dies, American radio host, producer, and voice actor, co-created American Top 40 (b. 1932)

Source:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_15

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