1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.
323 BC – Alexander the Great dies, Macedonian king (b. 356 BC). On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32.
1488 – Battle of Sauchieburn: Fought between rebel Lords and James III of Scotland, resulting in the death of the King.
1509 – Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.
1748 – Denmark adopts the characteristic Nordic Cross flag later taken up by all other Scandinavian countries.
1775 – The American Revolutionary War’s first naval engagement, the Battle of Machias, results in the capture of a small British naval vessel.
1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.
1864 – Richard Strauss is born, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
1894 – Kiichiro Toyoda is born, Japanese businessman, founded Toyota (d. 1952)
1895 – Paris–Bordeaux–Paris is sometimes called the first automobile race in history or the “first motor race”.
1910 – Jacques Cousteau is born, French biologist, author, and inventor, co-developed the aqua-lung (d. 1997)
1913 – Vince Lombardi is born, American football player, coach, and manager (d. 1970
1919 – Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the U.S. Triple Crown.
1933 – Gene Wilder is born, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2016)
1937 – Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.
1956 – Joe Montana is born, American football player and sportscaster
1963 – Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
1969 – Peter Dinklage born, American actor and producer
1971 – The U.S. Government forcibly removes the last holdouts to the Native American Occupation of Alcatraz, ending 19 months of control.
1979 – John Wayne dies, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
1999 – DeForest Kelley dies, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920)
2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
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